To end hunger and pollute less, agriculture must increase productivity by 28% in the next decade
Conclusion is from a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OECD.
The goals of eradicating hunger and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture will not be achieved by 2030 if agriculture does not “become more efficient”, say the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OECD in a statement. a report.
World agricultural productivity will have to increase by 28% over the next decade to eliminate hunger and reduce emissions of polluting gases, according to the document, based on the goals of the Paris agreement.
This would require “more than tripling the increase in agricultural productivity of the last decade”.
Global food crop yield growth would need to increase from 13% to 24% in 2022-2031, while livestock productivity would need to increase by 31%.
“If the status quo is maintained, the UN Sustainable Development Goal SDG-2 ‘Zero Hunger’ will not be achieved until 2030, and agricultural GHG emissions will continue to rise,” warn FAO and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. .
The two organizations expect world agricultural production to increase by an average of 1.1% per year between 2022 and 2031, mainly in low- and middle-income countries.
“Investments to increase income and better management of properties should stimulate agricultural production”, they say.
In the case of some regions, such as Latin America and the Caribbean, the report highlights “great potential to expand production, although poverty reduces food consumption”.
At the same time, organizations expect livestock and fisheries production globally to increase by 1.5% per year, mainly thanks to more efficient management and more intensive feeding methods.
Growth prospects presuppose “greater access to inputs (such as fertilizers) and investments in technology, infrastructure and training that increase productivity”
The war in Ukraine, however, caused energy and input prices to soar. And a prolonged increase “will raise production costs and could limit growth” in the coming years, warn the FAO and OECD, which could cause changes in forecasts.