Commission approves mandatory secret budget amendments in the 2023 Budget

Commission approves mandatory secret budget amendments in the 2023 Budget

Joint Budget Committee concluded the vote on the final report of the Budget Guidelines Law of 2023 that determines the goals and priorities for public spending for the coming year

The Joint Budget Committee (CMO) concluded the vote on the final report of the Budget Guidelines Law (LDO) of 2023 that determines the goals and priorities for the Public spending next year and provides the parameters for the elaboration of the 2023 Annual Budget Law (LOA) project. The text was approved with votes against the PT, Deputy Marcel Van Hattem (Novo) and Senator Zenaide Maia (Pros-RN ). The text will now be analyzed by the National Congress.

The approved substitute, authored by Senator Marcos do Val (Podes-ES), rapporteur of LDO 2023, authorizes the restructuring and salary recomposition of the Federal Police, the Federal Highway Police and the Penitentiary Police, in addition to the Civil and Military Police and military firefighters. from the Federal District – a category that is part of the electoral base of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL). In addition, the text also allows for an increase in the spending ceiling, estimated at R$ 1.711 trillion, with the adoption of a more updated inflation index.

After the approval of the basic text of the report, parliamentarians tried to overturn the mechanism provided for in the LDO 2023 that determines the imposition of the rapporteur’s amendments, the RP-9, to the budget – that is, makes the amendments a mandatory expense, for which they will have to resources be set aside by the government.

The author of the highlight that tried to remove the mechanism from the text, deputy Enio Verri (PT-PR), accused the mechanism of the amendments of harming the relationship between the Powers. “The Executive has fewer resources to make national policies and distributes the money to the National Congress to make local policies. The sum of the parts does not make the whole,” he said. “We need to think about national policies from the Executive. This does not help the development of the country”, he added.

For deputy Adriana Ventura (Novo-SP), the distribution of resources through the RP-9 works as “a business desk and feeds electoral corrals”, she criticized. “Wanting to put the rapporteur’s amendment as imposing is, at the very least, disrespect for what we have most important in our country”, she added.

“All over the world you find individual amendments, almost everyone has them, and Congress is legitimate in doing that. Bench amendment, which is a more structural issue of the budget, we can also find it. Now, the rapporteur’s amendment is an issue that needs to mature a little more, especially because we don’t know how it will be properly recorded”, said deputy Mauro Benevides Filho (PDT-CE), when asking for the removal of the mechanism from the text.

The rapporteur, Senator Marcos do Val, maintained the RP-9 amendments and predicted that they would become tax expenses. In defense of maintaining the imposition of amendments, the rapporteur stated that the distribution of resources through the amendments will have more control from now on. “In fact, R$ 19 billion is a lot for one person to control, but, from now on, the president of the CMO will also be able to indicate the amendments of the rapporteur-general”, said the parliamentarian.

The RP-9 amendments make up the secret budget revealed last year by Estadão. Until then, only the LOA rapporteur had this prerogative. “The fact that I reject [o destaque] it has nothing to do with me, there will be nothing secret from now on. Now the criterion I agree with, let’s find a way to create the criterion democratically”, said Do Val.

This year, R$ 16.5 billion in amendments by the rapporteur-general were approved, of which R$ 5.8 billion have already been committed. For 2023, the value should reach R$ 19 billion.

In addition, the emphasis on preventing the payment of the so-called “PIX amendments”, a mechanism revealed by Estadão that transfers resources to mayors and governors without transparency and federal supervision, was also rejected.

Contingency in education

The parliamentarians approved a highlight by deputy Kim Kataguiri (União-SP) that prohibits the government’s contingency of resources for higher education. “If Congress approved resources for education spending in the budget, the government needs to use them”, he defended.

In practice, expenses paid with own revenues, agreements and donations obtained by federal institutions of higher education and federal institutes of education, science and technology will not be considered for the purpose of calculating the amount destined to these institutions, nor limiting commitment and financial movement.

With the approval of the text, the next step will be the vote in the plenary of Congress before the parliamentary recess, which begins on July 17.

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